The Six Nations of the Haudenosaunee Confederacy are the Kanien’kehá:ka (Mohawk), Oneniote’á:ka (Oneida), Ononta’kehá:ka (Onondaga), Kahoniokwenhá:ka (Cayuga), Tsonontowane’á:ka (Seneca), and Thatihskarò:roks (Tuscarora). After the American Revolution, the Haudenosaunee were driven from their homelands in what’s now referred to as New York by the newly-formed United States. Across the border (tsi tekaristì:seron – “where the tracks are dragged” in Mohawk), the Six Nations were deeded a tract of land along the Grand River by the British.
Currently, the reserve spans over 190 km². This represents approximately 5% of the original 3,800 km² of land granted to the Six Nations by the 1784 Haldimand Treaty. Today, Six Nations is the largest First Nations reserve in Canada by population, and the second largest reserve by size. It’s the only reserve or reservation in Turtle Island shared by all six Haudenosaunee nations.
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