Denmark (2004) by Asmund Havsteen-Mikkelsen and Inuk Silis Hoegh
“As part of my joint project Melting Barricades (2004-2005) with Inuk Silis Høegh I conceived the idea for the map of Denmark on the way to Kangerlussuaq looking at an in-flight magazine from Air Greenland. From the plane you could see all the beautiful glaciers with Danish royal names. What if Greenland did the same in Denmark, but with ice and new names? It was a sarcastic comment to the good and bad sides of the colonial era, but also to the ”big brother” Denmark, who were warring in Afghanistan. The map of Denmark has been exhibited various places and appeared in many different contexts – having a direct appeal to many people. In 2012 it was used as a stamp by Post Greenland, and most recently (2014) I printed it on a t-shirt.”
– Asmund Havsteen-Mikkelsen
The European Diaspora: European Ancestry Worldwide, by Nagihuin via Wikimedia
One of the many ironies of the anti-immigrant sentiment in Europe today is that it fails to acknowledge Europe’s own history of emigration. This map shows the percentage of each country’s population that has some claim to European ancestry. Taken together, it could be argued that Europeans are the world’s largest diaspora, with an estimated population of over 480 million people.
However, just what constitutes European ancestry is highly controversial.
The map excludes Turks and Azerbaijanis from being Europeans, but includes Georgians and Armenians. While this may be because the former are Muslim and the latter are Christians this is not wholly satisfying due to the fact that Balkan Muslims are considered European.
Nagihuin, who created the map, got the figures for each country used the European Diaspora Wikipedia page and the following sources:
USA census. Russian census by oblast, autonomous provinces and other subnational entities linked in the Russian Wikipedia. Ethnic census in Central Asia, Australia states/territories, Latin American and Southern African countries quoted in articles in Wikipedia. Non-european immigrants population recounts in Europe in different articles.
Therefore, based on most national censuses, many mixed race people would also be excluded from the map above and the data below.
If we take the controversial definition the map uses, the European descended diaspora population by country is as follows:
- United States – 223,553,265
- Brazil – 91,051,646
- Argentina – 38,900,000
- Canada – 25,186,890
- Australia – 20,982,665
- Mexico – 20,100,000+
- Colombia – 17,519,500
- Venezuela – 13,169,949
- Cuba – 7,160,399
- South Africa – 4,472,100
- Chile – 3,5M+
- Costa Rica – 3,500,000
- New Zealand – 3,381,076
- Puerto Rico – 3,064,862
- Uruguay – 2,851,095
- Dominican Republic – 2,000,000+
- Bolivia – 2,000,000+
- Peru – 1,4M-4,4M+
- Ecuador – 1,400,000+
- Paraguay – 1,300,000+
- Nicaragua – 1,000,000+
Éire (Ireland) in Gaeilge (Irish), Version 2, by Jordan Engel
Thanks to John O’Brien for providing materials on Gaeilge place names.
Kernowek (Cornish) speaking areas, 1300-1750
Kernowek (Cornish) is the native Celtic language of the Kernowyon (Cornish people), who live in the in the Southwest peninsula of the island of Breten Veur (Great Britain). For many centuries, the language was in perpetual decline as the Kernowyon gradually adopted English as their common language. Some time in the 18th or 19th centuries, the language may have gone extinct. Since the 20th century, a conscious effort has been made to revive Kernowek, and today it is estimated that there are 2,000 fluent speakers.
Great Britain as Palestine, by Jordan Engel
In contemporary conversations about the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, the role of the British in creating the problem is often underrecognized. From 1920 to 1948, Palestine was a British administered colony. The British government promised the land to both Jewish and Arab parties – to the Jews in the Balfour Declaration and to the Arabs in the League of Nations mandate. In 1947, the British withdrew from the Palestine, stating it was unable to arrive at a solution acceptable to both Arabs and Jews. In other words, the problem they helped create was now too complicated to help resolve. This map imagines the changing geography of Israel-Palestine on the island of Great Britain. The four maps, from left to right, mirror the late British Mandate period, the 1947 UN Partition Plan for Palestine, the de facto borders from 1949-1967, and the fractured geography of today, including the West Bank wall.
From French artist Sabine Réthoré –
My cartography is precise. It’s just my point of view that‘s different. I have orientated my poles from East to West, to follow the sun’s course and to give everyone, once a day, a zenith.
I began setting about tracing the lines, routes, rivers, railroads. I ignored the borders: the only thing that symbolically divides men. I was thus contented with tracing the thousands of lines which link them with the thousands of points or places of exchange: towns, little ones, big ones…
The project has only just begun; we are searching volunteers to transcribe it into all the alphabets used in our region. The map should be printed in even larger quantities.
The Celtic Nations by Jordan Engel
The Celtic Nations are territories in Northern and Western Europe where Celtic languages or cultural traits have survived.
The six Celtic Nations, as recognized by the Celtic League, are:
Brittany – Breizh (Brezhoneg [Breton])
Cornwall – Kernow (Kernowek [Cornish])
Ireland – Éire (Gaeilge [Irish])
Isle of Man – Mannin (Gaelg [Manx])
Scotland – Alba (Gàidhlig [Scottish Gaelic])
Wales – Cymru (Cymraeg [Welsh])