Mammal Diversity With and Without Humans

Historic and prehistoric human-driven extinctions have reshaped global mammal diversity patterns. Without humans, the whole world would be as diverse in large mammals as Africa is today.

The fact that the greatest diversity of large mammals is found in Africa reflects past human activities – and not climatic or other environmental constraints. This is determined in a new study, which presents what the world map of mammals would look like if modern man (Homo sapiens) had never existed.

AarhusUniversity1

Top map: The current diversity of large mammals. It can clearly be seen that large numbers of species virtually only occur in Africa, and that there are generally far fewer species throughout the world than there could have been. (Illustration: Søren Faurby).

Bottom map: The natural diversity of large mammals as it would appear without the impact of modern man (Homo sapiens). The figure shows the variation in the number of large mammals (45 kg or larger) that would have occurred per 100 x 100 kilometre grid cell. The numbers on the scale indicate the number of species (Illustration: Søren Faurby).

Source: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/ddi.12369/abstract

For more information, please contact

Postdoctoral Fellow Søren Faurby
Department of Bioscience
Aarhus University
(now employed at the Museum of Natural History, Madrid)
soren.faurby@bios.au.dk
+34 665 66 99 26

Professor Jens-Christian Svenning
Department of Bioscience
Aarhus University
svenning@bios.au.dk
+45 2899 2304

Warmest Year On Record

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Year of Warmest Temperature, Categorized by Decade. Source: NOAA

Although similar in shape and size, the graphic below is quite different than the typical anomaly or percentile map depicted in these operational State of the Climate reports. The colors on the map below represent time periods. Sepcifically, they represent when the warmest year on record occurred for each of the qualifying grid boxes in the analysis.

Because there are many different individual years, from grid box to grid box, it was necessary to bin the years into their respective decades. For example, a grid box colored darker blue indicates that its warmest year on record occurred during the 2001-10 decade, and so on.

The dominance of blue and light blue on the map indicates that, for the vast majority of the earth’s surface, the warmest year occurred during the 21st century. But this pattern is certainly not universal, as other decades are depicted. There are also rough regional patterns in the maps.

Source: http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/sotc/global/2015/13/supplemental/page-5

Imperiled Species in the US

SpeciesOfConservationConcernUS

Species of Conservation Concern in the Continental US – Source: NatureServe

This great data about federally listed or imperiled plant and animal species comes from NatureServe. Their interactive maps lists each at-risk species in every county and every watershed in the United States.

Check out the interactive maps at http://www.natureserve.org/conservation-tools/map-species-county-and-watershed

 

Rojava in Kurdish, Aramaic, and Arabic

Territories claimed by Rojava (Kurdish: Rojavaya Kurdistanê “Western Kurdistan”)

Rojava is burgeoning democracy born out of the Syrian Civil War. Since declaring autonomy in 2013, it’s seen a radical social revolution based on principles of direct democracy, women’s liberation, religious freedom, ethnic equality, restorative justice, and environmental sustainability. Given the oppressive forces which the Rojava resistance battles – Daesh (ISIL) and the government of Bashar al-Assad – Rojava is a rare light in the Syrian Civil War.

The following maps depict Rojava in its three official languages: Kurdî (Kurdish), ܐܪܡܝܐ (Aramaic), and العربية (Arabic).

Afrin – Efrîn / عفرين‎
Aleppo – Heleb / ﺣﻠﺐ / ܚܠܒ
Al-Bab – Bab / الباب‎
Al-Darbasiyah – Dirbêsî / الدرباسية
Al-Hasakah – Hesîçe / ܚܣܟܗ‎ / الحسكة‎
Al-Jawadiyah – Çilaxa‎ / الجوادية‎
Al-Malikiyah – Dêrika Hemko / ܕܪܝܟ‎ / المالكية‎
Al-Qahtaniyah – Tirbespî / ܩܒܪ̈ܐ ܚܘܪ̈ܐ ‎/ القحطانية‎
Al-Qamishli – Qamişlo / ܩܡܫܠܝ‎ / القامشلي‎
Al-Raqqah – Reqa /ܩܐܠܘܢܝܩܝ‎ / الرقة‎
Amuda – Amûdê / عامودا
Ayn al-Arab – Kobanî / عين العرب‎
Ayn Issa – Bozanê‎ / ناحية عين عيسى‎
Azaz – Ezaz / أعزاز‎
Euphrates River – Firat / الفرات / ܦܪܬ
Gaziantep – Dîlok / عنتاب
Iraq – Îraq / العراق / ܥܝܪܐܩ
Jarabulus – Cerablûs / ܓܪܐܒܠܣ ‎ / جرابلس‎
Khabur River – Xabûr / ܚܒܘܪ‎ / الخابور‎
Kurd Mountains – Çiyayê Kurmênc / جبل حلب‎
Manbij – Menbîc / ܡܒܘܓ‎ / منبج‎
Mardin – Mêrdîn / ماردين / ܡܪܕܝܢ
Mount Abdulaziz – Çiyayê Kezwan‎ / جبل عبدالعزيز‎
Ras al-Ayn – Serê Kaniyê / ܪܝܫ ܥܝܢܐ‎ / رأس العين‎
Şanlıurfa – Riha / أورفة / ܐܘܪܗܝ
Sinjar Mountains – Çiyayên Şingalê / ܛܘܪܐ ܕܫܝܓܪ‎ / جبل سنجار‎
Syria – Sûrî /سوريا / ܣܘܪܝܐ                            
Tell Abyad – Girê Spî / تل أبيض‎
Tell Tamer – Girê Xurma‎ / ܬܠ ܬܡܪ‎ / تل تمر‎
Tigris River – Dîcle / دجلة / ܕܩܠܬ
Turkey – Tirkiye / تركيا / ܛܘܪܩܝܐ

Maps by Jordan Engel

RojavaKurdish

Rojava in Kurdish

RojavaAssyrian

Rojava in Aramaic

RojavaArabic

Rojava in Arabic

Rojava

Rojava in Kurdish, Aramaic, and Arabic