Uncontacted Peoples

States with Uncontacted Peoples

States with Uncontacted Peoples

Uncontacted peoples are communities who live without significant contact with globalized civilization, most often by choice. Although we commonly call them ‘uncontacted,’ a more accurate description is probably ‘voluntarily isolated’ or ‘withdrawn’ or ‘evasive.’ They exist in the Amazon Rainforest, the island of New Guinea, and in India’s Andaman Islands. Survival International reports that about one hundred groups around the world prefer to be left alone. Knowledge of the existence of these groups comes mostly from encounters with neighboring tribes and from aerial footage. While this map shows in which states uncontacted peoples continue to exist, the tribes themselves are stateless societies. To varying extents they may be unaware of and unaffected by the states that have nominal authority over their territory.

Menominee Treaty Lands

Mamaceqtaw (Menominee) Treay Lands

Mamaceqtaw (Menominee) Treaty Lands by the Wisconsin Cartographer’s Guild.

This map comes from Wisconsin’s Past and Present: A Historical Atlas (University of
Wisconsin Press, 2002). The Atlas also includes similar maps of Anishinaabe (Ojibwe), Neshnabé (Potawatomi), Hocąk (Ho-Chunk), and Dakhóta (Dakota) lands. The hydrographic labels here are in the Menominee language and English. The village sites are from tribal sources or The Atlas of Great Lakes Indian History.

Global Groundwater Trends

groundwater

Groundwater storage trends for Earth’s largest aquifers.

Groundwater storage trends for the planet’s 37 largest aquifers. Of these, 21 have exceeded sustainability tipping points and are being depleted, with 13 considered significantly distressed, threatening regional water security and resilience.

One-third of Earth’s largest groundwater basins are under threat because humans are draining so much water from them, according to two new studies. The studies found that eight of the world’s 37 biggest aquifers are “overstressed,” meaning not enough water is replenished to offset the usage. Topping the list of overstressed aquifers is the Arabian Aquifer System, located beneath Yemen and Saudi Arabia, from which 60 million people draw their water.

Source: UC Irvine / NASA
http://www.livescience.com/51483-groundwater-basins-running-out-of-water.html

Indigenous Land Titling in Australia

Indigenous Land Titling in Australia Under Three Tenures by Francis Markham and Jon Altman

Indigenous Land Titling in Australia Under Three Tenures as of 2013 by Francis Markham and Jon Altman

1. Land claimed or automatically scheduled under land rights law (an estimated 969,000 sq kms).
2. 92 determinations of exclusive possession under native title law totaling 752,000 sq kms.
3. 142 determinations of non-exclusive possession under native title law totaling 825,000 sq kms.
The last category often provides a weak form of property right that needs to be shared with other interests, most commonly commercial rangeland pastoralism. These three categories total 2.5 million sq kms or roughly 33 per cent of terrestrial Australia.

Source: http://maorilawreview.co.nz/2014/03/the-political-ecology-and-political-economy-of-the-indigenous-land-revolution-in-australia/