The Four Sacred Mountains of the Navajo

The four sacred mountains in Diné bizaad (Navajo)
The four sacred mountains in English and Diné bizaad (the Navajo language). Source: http://www.crowcanyon.org/EducationProducts/peoples_mesa_verde/images/map_sacred_mountains.asp
Dinétah - meaning "Among the people," is the traditional homeland of the Diné (Navajo people).
Dinétah – meaning “Among the people,” is the traditional homeland of the Diné (Navajo people), between the four sacred mountains. Source: http://nv.wikipedia.org/wiki/E%CA%BCelyaa%C3%ADg%C3%AD%C3%AD:SisTsooDooDi.svg
The Four Sacred Mountains
The Four Sacred Mountains

In Diné Bahaneʼ (The Navajo creation story), it is said that the creator placed the Diné on land between four mountains, representing the four cardinal directions. The are the Dził Diyinii Dį́į’go Sinil – The Four Sacred Mountains in Diné bizaad (the Navajo language):
– Blanca Peak, the sacred mountain of the east – Sisnaajiní, “the dawn,” or “white shell mountain.” Associated with the color white.
– Mount Taylor, the sacred mountain of the south – Tsoodził, “turquoise mountain,” or “blue bead.” Associated with the color blue.
– San Francisco Peak, the sacred mountain of the west. – Dook’o’oosłííd, “the summit which never melts” or “abalone shell mountain.” Associated with the color yellow.
– Hesperus Mountain, the sacred mountain of the north – Dibé Nitsaa, “big sheep.” Associated with the color black.

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26 comments

  1. This is partially incorrect. We do not have a creator that placed us. We emerged. The basic outline of Diné Bahaneʼ begins with the creation of the Niłchʼi Diyin (Holy Wind) as the mists of lights which arose through the darkness to animate and bring purpose to the four Diyin Dineʼé (Holy People) in the different three lower worlds. This event happened before the Earth and the physical aspect of humans had come into existence, but the spiritual aspect of humans had. The Holy People then began journeying through the different worlds, learning important lessons in each one before moving on to the next. The fourth and final world is the world in which the Navajo live in now.

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  2. Four is half of eight, the Ogdoas, the Bagua, the base of the Creation. The four mountains form a diamant, symbol of Heaven-God-Awareness.

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    • According to our ancestor’s teaching’s, there are six sacred mountains, Four commonly knowns are the ones located in four cardinal directions. Ch’ool’i’i Gobernador Knob or Nitl’z Dzil Hard Goods Mountain is near the east center of the Dine homeland, located near Farmington, New Mexico. Dzil Na’ oodilii Huerfano Mesa also known as Yodi Dzil Soft Goods Mountain is the center of the Dine dwelling, located near Farmington New Mexico.

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